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Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs
March 30, 2016
More information about Kyrgyzstan is available on the Kyrgyzstan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Kyrgyzstan in 1991 following Kyrgyzstan's independence from the Soviet Union. The two countries have a strong partnership. The United States supports Kyrgyzstan in its development of an inclusive democracy based upon the rule of law and respect for human rights. Kyrgyzstan's 2011 presidential election marked the first peaceful transfer of presidential power in post-Soviet Central Asia. Significant impediments to Kyrgyzstan's development include corruption, aging infrastructure, high unemployment, and endemic poverty. Kyrgyzstan, however, benefits from a robust civil society and a relatively free media sector.
U.S. Assistance to Kyrgyzstan
U.S. Government assistance goals in Kyrgyzstan are to strengthen democratic institutions, support broad-based economic opportunity, enhance regional security, promote greater respect for human rights and the rule of law, provide assistance for basic humanitarian needs, and to address development challenges in the health and education areas. A fact sheet on U.S. assistance to Kyrgyzstan can be found here.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Kyrgyzstan exports apparel, textiles, and pharmaceutical products to the United States. It imports merchandise, machinery, electronics, and food products from the United States. Kyrgyzstan has signed a bilateral investment treaty with the United States. The treaty on double taxation that was signed by the United States and the Soviet Union remains in effect between the United States and Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan also signed a trade and investment framework agreement with the United States and other Central Asian countries establishing a regional forum to discuss ways to improve investment climates and expand trade within Central Asia.
Kyrgyzstan's Membership in International Organizations
Kyrgyzstan and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Kyrgyzstan also is a participant in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) Partnership for Peace program.
Kyrgyzstan maintains an embassy in the United States at 2360 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20008; tel. (202) 449-9822.